Roles of Knitting, Dyeing, and Printing in the Quality of Fabric
It is essential to note that dying, knitting and printing tends to be essential especially on matters pertaining how a fabric appears and feel. Dyeing is a process where the color of the fabric tends to be changed. Yard dying tends to be done before knitting and is mainly done with the intention of producing plaids, gingham checks, woven stripes, as well as many other special effects. Piece dyeing is used when the fabric in question is needed in one solid color hence one would need to avoid it where he or she needs to mix up colors. Using this method, the fabrics tend to be passed through rollers with spread color evenly on the fabric and at the same time get rid of any excess dye from the fabric.
Packaging dyeing tends to be yet another method of dying which involves winding of yards on a cylinder with the intention of impacting color on it. The dye tends to be pressurized both from the inside as well as from the outside. There also tend to be computers use with the intention of increasing speed and accuracy. Printing colored designs can be as simple as printing on paper where one has the right machine and people doing it. With this type of printing, it is possible for one to yield 50 to 100 yards per minute.
One would also utilize automatic screen printing
especially where one needs color design on a fabric. When it comes to dealing with larger fabrics, one would need to ensure automatic screen printing although he or she would need to know that the process tends to be slower when compared with most printing methods. One can also utilize flatbed screen printing which uses a fine mesh of screen with each mesh handling its distinct color. In case there is any part that is not to be covered with the dye, it tends to be covered with some dye resistant coating or a lacquer. Depending on the design one wants on a fabric, it is possible for one to have more than 10 colors on one fabric.
Design and durability highly relies on the finishing one puts after printing. One would also need to note that there are hundreds of finishes that one can apply on the textile. One would also need to note that it tends to be easy to do finishing on cotton fabric when compared to other types of fabrics. Among the things finishing does on a clothing includes adding water repellency, flame resistance, shrinkage control or any other effect one would need to ensure on a fabric in question. One would done more than one finish on a given fabric where he or she has the right skill and technique.